Aquarium fishes are very popular as they are visually appealing and require minimum maintenance. There is a huge variety of tropical fish in the market nowadays. A beginner may find the endless choices a bit nerve-wrecking but he must carefully select the fishes for his first tank. There are certain fishes which are categorized as beginner’s fishes as low caring is required and can adjust better to different water conditions. This article will showcase the top seven fishes for beginner aquarists.
1. Ocellaris clownfish
These are good beginner fishes as they require minimum maintenance and are known to be reasonably hardy. If you are new to marine aquariums then this is the fish you would be looking for. They can live without anemones which you must keep only when you meet the high light requirements. Ideally a beginner should keep them in a ‘fish only’ tank.
2. Rainbow Fish
Rainbow fishes are small and colorful fishes which was not very popular among aquarists till recently. This is a bit strange as it is very safe to keep them in planted aquariums – they will not eat or uproot the plants. If you like your fish to spawn in your aquarium then you can consider keeping rainbow fishes in your tank.
3. Black Tetra
The black tetra is a freshwater fish found in Brazil and Argentina. The fish loves to stay in groups and you must keep at 6 of them so that they can form a school. But you can keep 3-4 tetras in an aquarium. It feeds on insects and worms. This variety of tetra is not very aggressive towards other species but try to avoid keeping male Betta with these fishes. The tetras may nip at the tail of the betta.
4. Hypostomus plecostomus
Commonly known as the suckermouth catfish it belongs to the family of armored catfish. They have very little value as food fish but they have great value as an aquarium fish in the US. They are sold when they are young and can actually grow till a size of 20 inches. These are nocturnal fishes which are adept in cleaning algae from the glass walls of the tank.
5. Cichlasoma Nigrofasciatum
This is the hardiest cichlid that you can keep in an aquarium tank. They are very popular but is very aggressive in nature. The fish a.k.a Convict Cichlid is found in the South American rivers. As stated earlier, they are very aggressive against any kind of fish. It is recommended that you keep them in a species tank with other convicts.
6. White Cloud Mountain Minnow
It is a hardy species of coldwater fish which is popular among children as they are the easiest to look after. They are now extinct in its native habitat but are bred in aquarium farms and quite easily available for home aquariums. They are basically sold for ‘cycling’ a new aquarium. But we recommend that you introduce them to an already cycled tank for their well-being.
7. Siamese Fighting Fish
The Siamese fighting fish or betta is a popular variety of freshwater aquarium fish. They are usually found in the rice paddies of Thailand and Malaysia. These fishes have a tendency to attack and/or kill another male in its territory. Putting a male and female together is also very risky. Male bettas can be successfully kept in large aquarium tanks where they can have easily define their territory.