The popularity of owing an aquarium has grown steadily over years. Today people want to bring a little piece of nature in their homes. Aquariums are a remarkable way to appreciate the beauty and diversity of marine life. Regardless of the size, aquariums have always been a decorative piece. Today there are variety of options available ensuring something foe everyone suiting one’s taste and pocket.
Beyond a decorative piece at home, according to a research aquariums have successfully proved itself in reducing stress. Aquariums today are popular not only at homes but also in hotels, medical, institutes etc. In this article we will discuss preparations required before buying one and initial steps involved.
Difficulty level: Moderately easy
Time required: If you have all the required resources with you then the estimated time for setting up a new aquarium would be 2 hours.
1. An Aquarium
2. Stand / Cabinet
5. Rocks (Optional)
6. Airline Tubing
7. Decorative backgrounds
8. Decoration rocks (Optional)
9. Heater (For winters)
11. Aquatic plants
12. Glass or plastic cover (to cover the top)
14. Air Pump
16. Fish food
Before moving a head with your plan of buying an aquarium, plan out the installation on paper. This will save lot of time and save you from buying not so important things and wasting money. Keep in mind below important steps:
1. Decide on the size and location of the tank. The best ideal location is the ‘L’ shape corner in the house and where there is easy access to water. Make sure that the location you choose is not too direct or near to sunlight or any source of heat.
2. Research and decide on what type of fishes? How many fishes? And size of fishes you desire to keep in your aquarium.
3. Decide on type of equipments to be used, which equipment would be most important and without which your fishes would not survive. There are varieties of them available in the market. You have a huge list available to make a choice from.
4. Now focusing on the decoration part. You can opt for live or plastic aquatic plants, depending on your desire and pocket. Rocks, colored stones, pots, background of the tank, etc.
Once you are ready with the layout, purchase your aquarium, equipments and decoration. But buy the plants and fishes few days after you’ve setup the tank so that water can stabilize in terms of temperature and composition and become perfectly fine for the new inhabitants. Initial steps involved are:
1. Clear the area where the tank is to be placed and position the Styrofoam pads or the baseboard on the base and place the tank on it. Make sure that the tank is properly leveled.
2. If you are using an under gravel filter, position it on the floor of the tank before assembling the parts as directed. Under gravel filters are the most effective ones only if they completely cover the floor of the aquarium.
3. Wash all decors completely under clean water so as to remove dirt and unwanted deposits. If you are using any wooden item in the aquarium, soak it in water before using it else it will float.
4. Install the heating and the aeration systems. Organize the tubing and wiring in such a way so as to avoid any kind of defect and mishaps.
5. Carefully fill the tank with water without disturbing the décor.
6. Check the equipments carefully. Check whether it’s working properly as expected or not. As said let the setup stabilize for couple of days. If you are using plastic plants, then you can put the plants later after the initial setup stabilizes.
Frequently asked questions:
Q1. How frequently does one need to wash/ lean the tank?
A1. You mush clean the tank twice a month. Else the filter does its work. By cleaning it does also mean removing only 25 percent of water and correspondingly adding fresh water into the tank. There are special suction pumps for this purpose.
Q2. What kind of diseases is prominent among fishes?
A2. Itch is a very common disease and it develops when temperature drops. There are itch guard medicines available which is blue in color. To avoid such disease you have to keep a close watch on them and check temperature regulations.
1. When you fix a position of the tank and place it over then never if possible to nudge or push it about, as advice able.
2. Arrange the large and heavy decorative items as desired. But be sure that none of the decor leans on the tank walls as to avoid any mishap.
3. While purchasing live plants for your aquarium, some of them would be in clusters or bunches, part them so that they can be planted individually for better growth. Wash them under clean running water so as to remove unwanted debris. Remove dead and bruised leaves and roots.
4. It’s advice able to give the plants and the new setup one or two days to establish a healthy environment before introducing the fish into the tank.
5. When you put fishes in the tank, don’t put all species at one go. Bring in other community members a few at a time, after you analyze that the current inhabitants are now comfortable in their new home and the members.
6. Never use any type of chemicals in a fish tank that are not made for aquarium keeping and Never use any type of soap to clean your fish tank or equipment.
Things to watch out for:
1. Ask an expert or one who already have an aquarium so that they can help you install your aquarium. Remember that water conditioning ideally take maximum a week so don’t introduce the fishes into the setup the same day you install the tank.
2. While introducing new fishes into the tank, use net. Try not to pour the water, that’s already in the plastic bag, directly into the tank. This would minimize contamination.