Pets like dogs, cats, rabbits and ferrets require at least one surgery during their lifetime and it helps if the pet owner is aware about the procedure and what needs to be done before the surgical process. This will also reduce your anxiety levels as most pet owners dote on their pets and shower love and care on their pets, as much as they shower on their own kids. Here are five important things that you must know before the surgical process.
1. Following guidelines
Before the surgical procedure, it is important for the pet owner to follow the instructions given by the surgeon. This could be things like preventing intake of food the night before the operation, keeping him clean and washed etc. Intake of food is restricted in most cases because while giving sedation, there could be chances of the pet vomiting and the food particles getting aspirated into the lungs which can be fatal.
2. Signing permission form
Your doctor might require you to sign a form for gaining permission and for conducting important tests like Complete Blood Count (CBC), thyroid test, chemistry profile, ECG, etc. The tests could vary based on the kind of surgery undertaken and the age and species of your pet. It is important to read through the document and clear your doubts about the tests and procedures much beforehand rather than leaving it for the last minute.
3. The surgical procedure
Understanding the surgical procedure is an important aspect that will help you during after care. Ask the doctor about the surgical process and risks and complications involved as well so that you can well prepared for any emergencies. You must also be ready with the necessary precautions if any that will help in averting complications like infection in the site of surgery, breaking of stitches, pain, etc.
4. The day of the surgery
The day of the surgery could be a stressful period for most pet owners, especially if the surgery is a complicated one. Tests could be scheduled before the surgery as well based on the requirement. Your pet will then be given a sedative for relaxation and intravenous aesthetic and gas anesthetic will be administered based on his size. The airway will be protected by an endotracheal tube. Continuous monitoring of the heart rate, heart beats, oxygen levels in the blood etc. will be monitored. Once the surgical process is complete, your pet will be taken off anesthesia and the monitoring will be continued until he becomes normal. Intravenous fluids and pain medications will be administered as well.
The care that you give after the surgery decides how fast your pet recovers. Make sure that the medications are given on time and the diet plan given by the doctor followed strictly. Ensure that the wounds are dressed well and care is taken to prevent infections. Take proper care if sutures are there and be with him at the time of defecation and urination as your pet might require help for a few days.